Laminectomy of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine
Laminectomy is a surgical procedure for treating spinal stenosis, a medical condition in which the spinal cord narrows, compressing the spinal cord and nerves. This is usually due to the natural process of spinal degeneration that occurs with aging. It can also be caused by spinal disc herniation, osteoporosis, or a tumor. Spinal stenosis may affect the cervical spine, the lumbar spine or both. Lumbar spinal stenosis results in low back pain as well as pain or abnormal sensations in the legs. A laminectomy relieves the pressure on the spinal cord by removing or trimming the lamina of the vertebra to widen the spinal canal and create more space for the spinal nerves.
Decompression laminectomy is the most common type of surgery done to treat spinal stenosis, a medical condition in which the spinal cord narrows, compressing the spinal cord and nerves. This surgery is done to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve roots caused by age-related changes in the spine and to treat other conditions, such as injuries to the spine, herniated discs, or tumors. In many cases, reducing pressure on the nerve roots can relieve pain and allow you to resume normal daily activities.
Fusion of cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine
Fusion surgery is designed to relieve pain, numbness, tingling and weakness, restore nerve function and stop or prevent abnormal motion in the spine. This is done by fusing the vertebrae together, stopping the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which should decrease pain generated from the joint. Fusion surgery involves adding bone graft to an area of the spine causing the bone graft to grow between the two vertebral elements.
Conditions that may be treated by a lumbar fusion surgery include degenerative disc disease, Isthmic, degenerative or postlaminectomy spondylolisthesis, weak or unstable spine caused by infections or tumors, fractures, scoliosis or deformity.
Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty for compression fractures
Balloon kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are minimally-invasive procedures that can significantly reduce back pain and repair the broken bone of a spinal fracture. Kyphoplasty uses orthopedic balloons to lift the fractured bone and return it to the correct position. During a vertebroplasty, physicians use image guidance to inject a cement mixture into the fractured bone through a hollow needle.
Discectomy and microdiscectomy of cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine
Discectomy is a type of surgery to remove herniated disc material that is pressing on a nerve root or the spinal cord. Microdiscectomy uses a special microscope to view the disc and nerves. The larger view allows the surgeon to make a smaller cut, reducing the amount of damage to surrounding tissue.